UN Secretary-General Antonio Guterres hailed “any initiative that could promote peace and security in the Middle East region.”  Guterres spokesman Stephane Dujarric welcomed the agreement and said he was suspending “Israeli annexation plans for parts of the occupied West Bank” that Mr. Guterres had repeatedly called for and said that “peace in the Middle East is more important than ever.”  Most Palestinians share the presentation of the agreements by their leaders as a betrayal, Shikaki said, but they are equally angry with Abbas for not addressing the parapublic warming trend between Israel and the Gulf countries for years. A majority believe that the agreements, with others to follow, put out of reach a negotiated two-state solution for the Israeli-Palestinian issue, perhaps permanently, he said. The normalization agreement between Israel and the United Arab Emirates, officially the Abraham Peace Agreement: Peace Treaty, Diplomatic Relations and Complete Normalization between the United Arab Emirates and the State of Israel, was initially agreed in a joint declaration of the United States, Israel and the United Arab Emirates (United Arab Emirates) on August 13, 2020, officially called the Abraham Agreement.  The United Arab Emirates was the third Arab country after Egypt in 1979 and Jordan in 1994 to agree to formally normalize relations with Israel, as well as the first Country in the Persian Gulf to do so.   At the same time, Israel has agreed to suspend plans to annex parts of the West Bank.   The agreement has normalized informal but robust external relations between the two countries for a long time.   The agreement was signed at the White House on September 15, 2020.  It was unanimously approved by the Israeli cabinet on 12 October and ratified by the Knesset on 15 October.
 The United Arab Emirates Parliament and Cabinet ratified the agreement on 19 October. In the months leading up to the agreement, Israel had secretly collaborated with the United Arab Emirates to combat the COVID 19 pandemic. European media reported that Mossad was discreetly sourcing health supplies from the Gulf states.   Benjamin Netanyahu, Prime Minister of Israel, announced at the end of June 2020 that the two countries were cooperating in the fight against coronavirus and that the mossad leader, Yossi Cohen, had visited the VaE several times. However, a few hours later, the United Arab Emirates seemed to downplay this situation by revealing that it was simply an agreement between private companies and not at the state level.  According to Hannu Juusola [fi] at the University of Helsinki, the agreement meant that the Palestinians would think that the United Arab Emirates would put its own interests ahead of those of the Palestinians, who had always assumed that Arab countries would not sign peace agreements with Israel until Palestinian rights were guaranteed.  Despite the lack of official reaction, the hashtag “Normalization is a betrayal” began after the announcement in trend, especially among young Saudi activists.  On 19 August, Saudi Foreign Minister Fayçal bin Farhan Al Saud said that the agreement could be considered positive, but that his country would not be able to normalize relations until peace with the Palestinians was signed, as part of the Arab peace initiative, we hope.  Moroccan Prime Minister Saadeddine Othmani said the country opposed any normalization of relations with Israel, which would only encourage its repression against the Palestinians.  On 20 September, hundreds of people protested against the Peace Agreement of the United Arab Emirates and Bahrain with Israel and burned an Israeli flag.