Agreement On Greenhouse Gas Emissions

An 18% reduction in emissions by 2020 compared to 2014, with reductions of 39% by 2025 and 45% by 2030 compared to the same initial value. Contains a section on climate risks and adaptation. The INDC of Dominica. Emission limit values do not include emissions from international air and sea transport. [37] Although Belarus and Turkey are listed in Annex I to the Convention, they do not have emission targets, as they were not Parties to Appendix I at the time of the adoption of the Protocol. [36] Kazakhstan has no target, but it has stated that it wants to become a party to the Convention listed in Annex I. [38] Unconditional reduction of greenhouse gases and short-lived climate pollutants by 25% compared to a business as usual scenario by 2030 which, subject to the results of a global climate agreement, would reach 40%. For the unconditional commitment, this means reaching net emissions by 2026 and reducing emissions intensity per unit of GDP by around 40% between 2013 and 2030. It is the INDC. The quality of each country on track to meet its obligations under the Paris Agreement can be continuously monitored online (via the Climate Action Tracker[95] and the Climate Clock). The formal accounting period for Joint Implementation (JHA) was adapted to the first commitment period of the Kyoto Protocol and only started in January 2008 (Carbon Trust, 2009, p. 20). [50] As of November 2008, only 22 JHA projects had been officially approved and registered.

The total projected emission savings by 2012 amount to about one-tenth of the CDM. Russia accounts for about two-thirds of these economies, with the rest roughly evenly divided between Ukraine and the new EU Member States. Emission savings include reducing methane, HFC and N2O emissions. An unconditional reduction in greenhouse gas emissions of 5% by 2030 compared to usual levels in the energy, transport and industrial sectors. Anxious to “significantly reduce the risks and effects of climate change,” the agreement calls for the average increase in global temperature over this century to be well below 2 degrees Celsius, while striving to limit the increase in temperatures to 1.5 degrees. It also calls on countries to work to ensure that global greenhouse gas emissions are offset as quickly as possible and become climate neutral by the second half of this century at the latest. . .

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Species on the Move

An International Conference Series

The conference brings together scientists and natural resource managers working in the disciplines of global change, biogeography and evolution, and relevant in contexts of natural resource management, biodiversity management and conservation, and theoretical ecology.


Species responses to climate change is a rapidly evolving research field, however, much of our progress is being made in independent research areas: e.g. understanding the process vs responding to the implications, terrestrial vs marine ecosystems, global meta-analyses vs in depth species-specific approaches. This interdisciplinary conference develops connections between these parallel streams, and across temporal and spatial scales.

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