In a consortium, each party has its own project manager. Together, they choose a leader to coordinate and present “a face for the customer.” Normally, the party with the most leeway becomes the leader. The director may not bind the parties without the prior agreement of all. Only in very exceptional cases can the scale act immediately. It must do so impartially! And this only to preserve the rights of the consortium or avoid imminent dangers or damage. This is the case, for example, with an emergency related to health and safety or environmental damage. As stated above, unionized partners are jointly and severally liable to the employer. The employer can surrender automatically according to any existing entity that has signed the contract. Do you need help creating a consortium contract? Are you looking for a third neutral between the consortium partners? Or just to deliberate? Feel free to contact Jan Bouckaert about the firstname.lastname@example.org Another example is the World Wide Web Consortium (W3C), a consortium that standardizes web technologies such as HTML, XML and CSS. In France, the consortium, considered as a subtype of a joint venture, is of significant theoretical and practical importance.
The French legal order does not contain a definition and does not explicitly use the concept of joint venture or consortium (temporary groupings of undertakings). The consortium contract in France is a purely contractual cooperation agreement that does not involve the creation of a third party. The consortium shall have neither legal personality nor legal capacity. The contract is concluded between two or more natural or legal persons who undertake to carry out certain works with a view to carrying out a joint project which the members of the consortium themselves could not carry out. The consortium contract is not expressly regulated by the French legislature, but it is permitted with regard to the principle of freedom of contract interpreted by Articles 6 and 1134 of the French Civil Code.  Coopetion is a word characterized by cooperation and competition. It is used when companies that are otherwise competitors collaborate within a consortium to cooperate in areas that are not strategic for their core business. They prefer to reduce their costs in these non-strategic areas and compete in other areas where they can better differentiate themselves.
Airbus Industries was established in 1970 as a consortium of aerospace manufacturers. The maintenance of production and engineering assets by partner companies has made Airbus Industries a sales and marketing company.  This agreement resulted in inefficiencies due to the inherent conflicts of interest faced by the four partner companies; they were both shareholders and subcontractors of the consortium. The companies cooperated in the development of the Airbus series, while keeping the financial details of their own production activities and trying to maximize the transfer prices of their subsets.  From an employer`s perspective, there may not be a big difference between a JV and a consortium. However, the way contractors operate is totally different for both solutions….