Dr Emily Ogier1,2, Prof Gretta Pecl1,2
1Institute for Marine And Antarctic Studies, University Of Tasmania, Hobart, Australia, 2Centre for Marine Socioecology, Hobart, Australia
Planned adaptation to climate-driven changes in the distribution of marine species targeted by capture fisheries must, by necessity, interact with existing policy and management, as well as industry stewardship. Optimal adaptation options are those which enable negative impacts to be mitigated and opportunities that arise to be seized. Four key fisheries (Southern Rock Lobster, Abalone, Snapper and Blue Grenadier) in south-eastern Australia were selected as case studies on the basis of the high risk posed to these fisheries by climate-driven change to species distribution and availability in particular. We developed a step-wise approach to evaluating adaption options for the selected fisheries which enabled stakeholders to conduct a “first pass” assessment of options, entailing characterisation and then scoring of options against a range of criteria. Candidate options could then be further evaluated using existing risk-and-simulation techniques, and against management objectives. After ascertaining actual and expected key climate impacts via a separate study, potential adaptation options for each fishery were firstly described then prioritised using a characterisation matrix which included: the specific climate challenges addressed, the implications of each option on the fishery system as a whole (i.e. the interaction of adaptation options with other management strategies), as well as temporal and spatial scales of implementation processes and benefits. Semi-quantitative evaluation of the final list of options was undertaken by stakeholders scoring the anticipated performance or outcome of an option against a pre-determined set of criteria and related indicators relating to perceived feasibility, risk and benefit.
Dr Emily Ogier is a researcher in Marine Social Science at the Institute of Marine and Antarctic Studies. With a background in human geography and political economy, she is interested in the human dimension of marine systems, and the way this interaction is governed through both formal institutions and social processes. She manages the Human Dimensions Research Subprogram, which is a national program funded by the Australian Fisheries Research and Development Corporation. She is also part of the professional lobster fishing community in Tasmania through a family business.